D2 Use Class – Assembly & Leisure
D2 Use Class is associated with assembly, leisure and entertainment use. Similar to D1 these are public buildings, however, unlike these other D class of buildings, these could be seen to be more associated with non-institutions and more unrestricted access.
Such uses, which fall within the D2 Use Class include:
- a cinema,
- a concert or music halls,
- a bingo hall,
- a dance hall (but not nightclub)
- a swimming bath, skating rink, gymnasium or area for other indoor or outdoor sports or recreations (not involving motorised vehicles or firearms).
What doesn’t fall with a D2 Use Class?
There are certain uses that one may expect to fall within a D2 Use Class, such as Nightclubs, Casinos and Theatres, however, such uses are classed as Sui Generis.
D2 Use Class – Changes in use
Due to the nature of the buildings, there are only very limited opportunities for a permitted development use change to D2 Use Class, including A1, A2 and Sui Generis (Casinos, Agricultural Buildings etc) however these have strict criteria, requirements and limits, including size. Confirmation from your Local Planning Authority should be sought prior to any change of use being undertaken.
For any other changes of use to (or from), a D2 Use Class planning permission will be required, via a full planning application.
The nature of a D2 Use Class building can vary greatly with issues such as hours of operation, noise, disturbance, parking and servicing requirements, highways issues among others being often key considerations.
The location of such D2 Use Class buildings also varies greatly depending upon the nature of the individual operators, including Town Centres, edge of town centres and other locations however the often-conflicting nature of ease of access and sustainable planning policies can make obtaining such planning permission difficult.
As planning consultants, we have a range of experience of public buildings including D2 Use Class at a variety of differing scales and locations – contact us today to discuss your requirements.
The following case studies provide a small sample of the different types of D2 Use Class (Assembly & Leisure) projects we have been involved with.
8 Screen Cinema, Health Club & Restaurant forming part of a wider seafront regeneration, Lancashire (D2 Use)
The development of a multi-building leisure complex integrated into the wider town and seafront regeneration. Sitting on the site of a disused and neglected public space, protracted planning negotiations finally approved the leisure complex, following sequential tests and highways improvements.
As part of the development, public art works were integrated into the main public spaces. Working with artists and local arts co-ordinator, various elements were developed, including bespoke seating.
A Sand Yacht centre on the beach in Lytham (combined D2 & D1 Use)
Our client has a history of running centres for disadvantaged youth. The existing building was comprehensively remodelled and extended to provide modern facilities including a cafe, shower facilities and training space. The club for a range of wind sports such as power kiting and sand yachting. Located on the beach front, these proposals will provide fantastic accommodation on one of the best wind sports beaches in the UK.
Project Keywords: SSSI, SAC, Fylde Borough Council, Tourist Attraction, Leisure & Education Facility, Change of Use, Cafe, Club house.
This page provides an introduction only and is not a definitive statement of the law and should therefore not be relied upon.
The information above relates to England only. Policies across the rest of the UK may differ.
Contact your Local Planning Authority for advice and confirmation before any works are carried out.