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D1 Use Class Non Residential Institutions

The D1 Use class is for non-residential institutions and incorporates a range of uses

D1 Use Class Non Residential Institutions

The D1 Use class is for non-residential institutions and incorporates a range of uses including health centres, clinics, day nurseries/ creches, training or education centres (including schools), art galleries, museums, libraries, halls, churches/ places of worship etc.

Please also see C2 Residential Institutions which are similar to the D1 Use but have people living/ staying in them.

Community Planning & Facilities

Facilities and services are the heart of any community. Private and public buildings contribute to the range of community services available.

At Plande, we love getting involved with community projects, helping communities or businesses develop their ideas, source suitable sites or buildings and work with the range of stakeholders, locals, neighbours and Councils to realise such projects.

We have obtained planning permission for a range of community projects including schools, nurseries, medical and veterinary facilities.


England - D1 Use

In England, from 1st September 2020, changes were made to the Use Classes Order. All “D” classes are now revoked, with the previous D1 Use split generally into 2 uses – Class E (Commercial, Business and Service) and Class F1 (Learning and non-residential institutions). Please contact us for more information if you are looking to undertake a project (new build or change of use).

Northern Ireland & Wales - D1 Use

This use class is applicable in Wales and Northern Ireland although the specific allowable inclusions or exclusions, as well as allowable permitted development changes of use, may vary from those stated above.

Scotland - Class 10 - Non-residential Institutions

In Scotland, Class 10 Use relates to Non-residential institutions, not including residential use, for use as a crêche, day nursery or day centre; education; the display of works of art (otherwise than for sale or hire); museum; public library or public reading room;
public hall or exhibition hall; or public worship or religious instruction, or the social or recreational activities of a religious body.


The following are a sample of interesting or challenging projects.

Disclaimer: This page provides an introduction only and is not a definitive statement of the law and should therefore not be relied upon. The information above relates to England only. Policies across the rest of the UK may differ. Contact your Local Planning Authority for advice and confirmation before any works are carried out. All images used are for illustrative purposes only. Read the full disclaimer here.

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Whether you need an expert on your team to secure permission for a major mixed-use scheme or a unique self-build home, our fresh planning insights will help you achieve your goal.